Describes the equivalence of mass and energy, a fundamental concept in physics.

Describes the gravitational attraction between two masses, foundational in classical mechanics.

A fundamental relation in Euclidean geometry, relating the lengths of the sides of a right triangle.

Fundamental in quantum mechanics, describes the behavior of quantum systems, such as electrons in an atom.

Describes the relationship between voltage (V), current (I), and resistance (R) in electrical circuits.

Used in finance to calculate the theoretical price of European-style options, contributing to the field of financial mathematics.

Describes the behavior of an ideal gas, relating pressure (P), volume (V), temperature (T), and the number of moles (n).

A set of four equations that describe classical electromagnetism, essential in understanding the behavior of electric and magnetic fields.